The Effect of Music Reinforcement for Non-Nutritive Sucking on Nipple Feeding Of Premature Infants

Possible research and implementation for The Mobile Lab.


Jayne M. Standley, Jane Cassidy, Roy Grant, Andrea Cevasco,
Catherine Szuch, Judy Nguyen, Darcy Walworth, Danielle Procelli,
Jennifer Jarred, Kristen Adams


Infants develop NNS (Non-Nutritive Sucking) to learn how to feed. It’s a rhythmic behavior that can be promoted with a pacifier. The problem is that premature infants are neurologically immature and are not able to pick up on this suck-swallow-breath pattern. Infants respond to maternal sounds, particularly pitch and rhythm. In all cultures, lullabies combine language information and use calming, rhythmic sounds. A study created that place a computer chip into a Wee Soothie pacifier. When the infant sucked on the pacifier, a cd player was activated that played lullabies.


The study showed that females nipple fed significantly loner than males. It also showed that the PAL system most effective when introduced to infants at 34 weeks, because it significantly shortened the length of feeding time. It was not proven to demonstrate significant weight gain. However, it could decrease the the infants discharge time. This will result in average NICU (Neo-natial Intensive Care Unit) savings of $2000/day.


About Frank Sposaro

Frank was the initial student to start the mobile lab with Dr. Tyson. After working on the first project, iFall, he and Dr. Tyson designed the Mobile Programming course as FSU. The course is used as a training base to recruit new students into the lab. His thesis researches several medical related applications, including iFall. Frank then went on to implement the redesign of the “favorite contacts” for Android’s Ice Cream Sandwich at Google HQ in Mountain View, California. He currently acts as a tech lead in the lab getting infrastructure and project management tools setup. He has special focus on native Android coding and UI design.